Steenbergs selects its organic dried herbs from specialist growers around the Mediterranean.
Imported from around the world, Steenbergs range of organic spices is second-to-none.
Steenbergs range of organic and Fairtrade herbs and spices
Delicious and colourful these make a wonderful addition to many meals. They can also be used for potpourri and craft!
Organic ginger in which ever format suits you - whole, preserved, crystallized, stem, chopped or ground.
Pepper is the king of spices - Steenbergs has a wide range of different types of organic pepper.
Steenbergs salts are hand-harvested sea salts from Europe and further afield as well as salt blends.
Hard to find specialist spices including hot hot chillies
Succulent organic (many of them Fairtrade) vanilla in all formats.
Our new baby bulk range of orgnaic spices, herbs and blends
The new range of Steenbergs spice blends in premium containers.
Choose from our favourite salt and pepper mills.
Everyone should have these spice and herb blends in their storecupboard - at Steenbergs, we blend these Classic Mixes using our finest organic spices and herbs.
Enjoy the flavours of American cooking using Steenbergs range of organic American spice blends - from Tex-Mex to Southern Fried.
Organic Arabian flavours from Steenbergs
Flavours from around Asia - from organic Nasi Goreng to China 5 spice.
At Steenbergs, we blend our own organic spices and sugar blends to our own recipes.
Steenbergs range of BBQ seasonings, great as rubs or as dry marinades. Rub on and sizzle.
Steenbergs range of organic curry mixes and curry powders - for all curry enthusiasts.
Variety of organic flavours specifically designed for fish and shellfish
The Mediterranean offers a huge range of cookery, from peppery organic paella to hot organic harissa and exotic ras al hanout.
How do you improve on our amazing organic pepper or our sundried traditional seasalt? By blending them.
Organic vegetable bouillons and gravy mixes.
Organic Stuffings from Steenbergs.
A gorgeous range of seasonings and flavoured salts created for Laura Santtini, the mistress of food bling and creator of Taste No 5 with the powerful umami hit.
Steenbergs range of extracts now has natural almond extract that uses bitter almond oil, organic lemon extract, organic orange extract, organic peppermint extract, organic Fairtrade vanilla extract and organic flower waters - organic orange flower water and organic rose water.
At Steenbergs, we blend our own organic spices blends to our own recipes. So enjoy Home Baking with Steenbergs organic Fairtrade Mixed Spice.
From organic dried fruit to yeast and flaked almonds - all your bakery ingredients from Steenbergs.
Cake decorations and edible gold leaf for wonderful baking.
Stone-milled flour (including organic flour), gluten free bread and cake mixes from Great Britain, speciality flours many low in gluten or gluten free.
Organic and natural sugar for baking -several of them Fairtrade - molasses and syrup.
From recycled foil to unbleached baking paper - lots of ideas for the eco-friendly cook.
Steenbergs' pioneering range of Fairtrade spices.
Steenbergs range of Fairtrade organic tea: loose leaf tea and bagged tea - green and black tea.
The Fairtrade flavoured sugars and vanilla extract from our home bakery range
From Fairtrade chocolate and golden syrup to Fairtrade coffee and fruit.
Fairtrade cotton products from shopping bags to facial wipes and tissues.
organic salt mixes to cook with, add at the table and generally enjoy.
Lava red sea salt, yellow salt, persian blue, a rainbow colour of salts.
Great salts to finish off your culinary creations.
A whole range of premium fleur de sels from around the world
Mostly organic teas and some are also Fairtrade. Enjoy Steenbergs healthy organic green and white loose leaf teas from China , India and Sri Lanka.
Oolong Loose Leaf Tea from Steenbergs
Beautiful and tasty hand-crafted teas that have been tied into the shape of flowers or tied with flowers like jasmine to create a tea that looks spectacular as well as tasting great.
Mostly organic teas plus some that are also Fairtrade. Steenbergs favourite organic black teas - loose leaf tea - from beautiful Darjeeling teas to malty Assam teas. This section began as organic tea but has grown quite a lot and now includes some that are non organic to round out the range.
Steenbergs own range of delectable organic chai teas, created using gorgeous organic Indian tea and our range of rich organic spices.
Tasty organic herbal teas - loose leaf / infusions.
Steenbergs delicious loose leaf teas available bulk in stylish resealable bags.
Luxury, spicy and delicious organic Fairtrade hot chocolate
Organic Fairtrade ground coffee beans and instant coffee plus a few non organic coffee substitutes that we have included in here as well
A range of soft drinks and alternative morning beverages like Guarana and Barley Cup
Wide selection of our favourite loose leaf tea infusers - tea balls and teapots with filters
Pyramid teabags in organic - green tea, herbal tea, chai tea, black tea.
From organic rice to organic beans - great for the storecupboard.
All different forms of coconut for cooking and baking. Most of them organic coconut.
Delicious traditional cereals and mueslis to start the day with (or any other time of day)
Organic chocolate to eat, drink or cook with.
Savoury sauces, mustards, chutneys and jellies - many of them organic.
Range of tinned / canned Fish 4 Ever sustainably fished
Organic fruit for baking, cooking or munching
All Steenbergs seasonings are gluten, dairy free and vegetarian. These are some of the other products we stock that are for gluten and dairy free cooking.
Raw Italian honey, Fairtrade honey, organic tahini, organic maple syrup, delicious Italian organic chocolate spreads, organic syrups
From organic sushi ingredients to soba noodles and miso soup.
Tasty organic nuts and snacks for munching.
Organic pasta from Italy is one of the key staple of organic groceries, as are organic noodles.
Organic storecupboard ingredients from organic rice to organic sugar and pasta
Tomatoes in many different forms - sun dried, tinned or pureed. Wonderful to use.
Organic culinary oils and vinegars to grace your kitchen
Tasty selection of antipasto, antipasta
Suncoat natural hairspray and Faith in Nature and EcoBath natural bath stuff, wooden back brushes.
Natural Products for First Aid includes Tiger Balm, Manuka oil to help you through everyday bumps and sprains
Biodegradable nappies to organic bubble bath and nit combs
Everything you need for natural traditional shaving and men skin care with natural health and beauty products
Natural and ethical Cosmetics, organic cotton and natural hair removal systems.
Suncoat's water and sugar based make-up and nail polishes and removers.
Weleda - the wonderful skin care company that has been creating natural skin care ranges for plants for the last 80 years.
Simply Organic Cotton Wool And Tissues
Organic and Natural Sun Lotions to help protect you and your family.
Faith in Nature 's award winning natural shampoos and hair conditioners
Natural Scented Soaps, Olive Oil Soap and All Types Of Soaps And Epsom Salt and Bath Sherbet
Pacifica perfumes, no parabens, no animal testing. No artificial colours. Gluten free, suitable for vegans.
New Trend Organic Cosmetics From Lavera - organic lip glosses and eye shadows to foundations
Steenbergs range of organic unbleached cotton towels, robes and slippers
All of these deodorants are paraben free,many of them Aluminium and Zinc Free as well.
Reusable, sustainable or flouride free toothpaste and toothbrushes
Items of kitchen hardware that help those who just love to bake - mixing bowls, rolling pins and so on.
All those great things for your kitchen that do not fit easily into other categories
Pepper and salt mills, pestles and mortars and all sorts of wonderful things that enhance your love of all things herby and spicy
Love your tea, love your teaware and enjoy our selection of tea items that will complement your tea and coffee life
Incense sticks , joss sticks and incense burners great for creating different ambience and moods around the home
Natural Scented Candles from Pacifica and Maroma
Natural Air Fresheners or natural air fresheners
Organic Food For Your Cat
Organic and natural tinned dog food from Lily's Kitchen
Seeds for the wild birds in your garden
Hampers full of Steenbergs organic goodies - spices, teas and baking ingredients.
Wonderfully illustrated playing cards from Belgium
organic mini spices to enjoy the flavours of the world.
Perfect gifts for tea lovers - tour the world of tea flavours with Steenbergs' selections of organic Fairtrade teas.
Enjoy these great little gifts for keen cooks - Fairtrade spice stacker or BBQ stacker.
Get baking for Christmas with Steenbergs
Christmas gift ideas for the cooks amongst your friends and family.
Organic mulled wine spices and Christmas tea
Stocking filler ideas and thank you presents from under £2.00 to under £10.00
Tea begins with the bush, which is of the same family as the decorative Camellia. The full botanical name of tea is Camellia sinensis (L) O. Kuntze. Sinensis is Latin for Chinese where tea is believed to have originated; L refers to Carl von Linnaeus who developed the modern system of classification, while O. Kuntze discovered the linkage between tea bushes and Camellias.
Tea bushes are evergreen and tea bushes are pruned to the height of 150cm (5ft). It sends forth its green tender new leaves and buds in what are called flushes, and care and attention is needed to encourage the bush to flourish and produce a quality crop. The tea bush grows best between the latitudes of Cancer and Capricorn and at altitudes of 300m - 2100m (1000ft - 7000ft) above sea level. In its wild state, tea grows best in regions that are warm and humid, with a rainfall of at least 100cm (39 inches) a year. It likes deep, light, acidic and well-drained soil.
The volcanic soil often found at higher altitudes enhances quality; the best Assam, Ceylon and Darjeeling teas are high grown in the cool, fresh conditions above 1220m (4000ft), while low grown varieties have to endure heavy soils and warmer weather. In a cold climate, like the Himalayas, bushes lie dormant in the winter, sprout in spring and grow throughout the summer, but in semi-tropical Sri Lanka (Ceylon) and Africa, they can be plucked all year around, with exceptionally high yields during the monsoon season.
Until fairly recently, tea bushes were grown from seed and planted out in a distinctive swirling pattern up and down the hillside.
Once established (taking about 10 years), a tea bush can thrive for 80 years with one hectare producing on average 1000kg (2200lb) of leaves per season, but producers had little control over plant quality. However, in the 1970s, vegetative propagation (or cloning) - where strong branches are pruned from a "mother bush", cut into short lengths of twig and single leaf and rooted - meant that only the healthiest tea bushes were used.
Careful selection for taste of tea rather than tea yield, resistance to disease, or increased hardiness is the hallmark of gourmet speciality tea producers at this stage. For volume-driven tea producers, yield is the primary selection requirement and cloned bushes were then planted in long, evenly-spaced rows across the hillside; in a good mountain region, a hectare of clonal tea bushes can now produce 3500kg (7700lb or 3.4 tons) a year.
The other advantage of this method of tea planting is that strong horizontal planting binds the soil and prevents it being washed away during the torrential rains of the monsoon. As part of land improvement, larger trees are planted every fifth row to provide shade and cover for birds, and foliage from pruning is laid between the rows to help moisture retention, thereby boosting yield and improving the quality of the land.
The tea bush - when left to its own devices - will grow into a fairly substantial tree. Indeed, in much of China, this is how traditional tea was, and is, grown, and in tea plantations there are often some tea bushes that are allowed to grow into trees for the purpose of growing seeds.
For tea production, it is necessary to train the tea plants into bushes. Great care is taken to create a shape that aids consistent plucking. This is called bringing into bearing, or frame formation, and is carried out through pruning and sometimes pegging. Pegging is the bending down and pegging of some branches into position. The result of successful pruning and pegging is a relatively flat, consistent surface of trained tea bushes, the plucking table.
Repeated plucking of the new growth on the plucking table eventually results in a growing surface that is heavily congested by old stems. These need to be cut out regularly either by skiffing - a cut at only the highest level which allows new growth and so new plucking to return quickly - or maintenance plucking - this is a deeper cut that lowers the plucking table down to a more convenient height for people doing the plucking.
Maintenance plucking is then often followed by tipping. Tipping involves leaving 15cm (4 inches) of stem and plucking over it. This process increases the number of branches which will produce fresh points for plucking and helps to produce a flat table for plucking.
Even in the 21st century, tea picking is a labour intensive business. Hand selection of the best "Tip and Bud" is essential to maintain the superior quality of the fine, high-grown teas, and furthermore, it would be impossible to drag machinery onto the steep hillsides.
The tea pickers (usually barefoot) move deftly through the bushes, wearing company aprons or jute sacks over their saris to protect them against any twigs. In Assam, in particular, they carry black umbrellas as sun shades for themselves or their children. Tea pickers also carry long bamboo canes, which are laid on top of the bushes to help them pick a level, sometimes so evenly that a field looks like a billiard table.
At the peak of the season, an experienced tea picker can harvest up to 35kg of green tea per day, sufficient to produce 9kg of processed black tea. Even in these days of equality, women are considered more nimble-fingered and therefore more efficient at picking, while men work the land and process the leaves in the factory. In less hilly areas, and on the African plains, some teas are picked mechanically, using giant cutters dragged over the bush tops by a couple of men. It may not be selective but it is efficient - with a good rainfall the harvest can be 4500kg (9680lb or 4.3 tons) per hectare per year.
The sheer volume of tea being produced in India required a colossal labour force and the greatest revolution in the tea industry was the invention of machines to process the freshly picked leaves. In 1870, the Jackson Brothers designed the first steam driven rolling machines, which were established by the long-established English firm of Marshall & Son. Until then, all the rolling, sifting, grading and drying of leaves had been done by hand, and the tea chests were packed down barefoot. The new machines, as well as freeing thousands from menial tasks and increasing output, also standardised methods of production. Tea could now be picked, processed and packed efficiently, ensuring maximum output and consistent quality.
The first stage of processing is called withering. The fleshy green tea leaves are laid on huge trays and dried with hot air (25 - 30°C) to reduce excess moisture, which takes 10 - 16 hours. These dried tea leaves are then rolled in a large rotary drum, breaking up the leaves and releasing the natural enzymes which start fermentation (oxidisation), which takes 3 - 4 hours. At this stage, the leaves start to lose their green colour, turning the more familiar coppery brown known as Orange Pekoe (or orange coloured leaf).
Pekoe tea is the anglicised version of the Chinese Pak-ho which means white hair or down and now denotes a particular leaf size of tea from any origin but thanks to Sir Thomas Lipton's agressive promotion of Orange Pekoe Tea many people (even today) think it is type of tea.
As the skilfully-controlled fermentation process continues, it is stopped by drying before the leaves become too black and plain, then the tea leaves are rolled into tight twists and graded. There are 2 methods of processing.
The traditional way, known as Orthodox, keeps the look of the leaf whatever its size and is used for all China, Darjeeling and most Ceylon and about 10% of Assam teas. In the modern manufactured method, the leaf is Cut, Torn and Curled (hence CTC Teas) rather than rolled, producing strong black balls of tea which release a very strong flavour and colour. It is ideal for small, strong leaf teas which are needed to flow easily through packing and tea bag machines.
Green teas & oolongs are non-fermented teas, i.e. the tea leaves are picked and allowed to dry in the sun in bamboo baskets for a few hours. The tea leaves are then pan-roasted and finally rolled into attractive shapes that provide pleasure from the leaf before, during, and after the tea is brewed. These tea leaves range from bright to dull green and are pliable.
In Japan, green tea is steamed and processed into different forms, including powdered green tea or matcha, which is still used today in Japanese tea ceremonies. In Japan, there are 3 grades of green tea: bancha, sencha, and gyokuro. Bancha tea is Japan's ordinary green tea. It comes from the late summer pickings and is somewhat coarse in flavour and appearance. Sencha is one step up and comes from the first or second flushes. The tea is steam-fired and basket-dried and finally hand-rolled. This process is more costly. Sencha gives off a grassy aroma and is pale in colour. Gyokuro tea is harvested once a year and only the bid and tiny first leaf are plucked. This process means precious dew. This tea brews to give a very pale green to yellow colour and has a clean brisk flavour.
Oolong teas are semi-fermented, partially withered and partially oxidised. China and Taiwan are the main producers of this type of tea. Leaves for oolong must be picked at exactly the right time and processed immediately afterwards. They are withered in direct sunlight, then shaken in bamboo baskets to bruise the edges of the leaves which turn a reddish-brown colour after oxidation has occurred. This process is repeated a few times. Oolong tea leaves are never broken by rolling as in green teas or by machines with black tea, and they should always be long and whole leaves.
Leaf size is an important indicator of quality and strength, but whatever the size, all leaves should appear even, neatly made and free from dust. The very best tea comes from the Tip and Bud, where all the sap and energy of the bush are concentrated to achieve new growth. Grading terminology, which applies only to Orthodox teas, can seem almost comical to the layman, but it conveys a great deal to the connoisseur: